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英语语言学毕业论文(精选多篇)

发布时间:2015-01-07 作者:小编 点击:加入收藏

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第一篇:英语专业毕业论文:社会语言学

the definition of sociolinguistics and its characteristic

外语系06接本6班 尹珊珊 24号

[abstract]sociolinguistics is a term including the aspects of linguistics applied toward the connections between language and society, and the way we use it in different social situations. it ranges from the study of the wide variety of dialects across a given region down to the analysis between the way men and women speak to one another. sociolinguistics often shows us the humorous realities of human speech and how a dialect of a given language can often describe the age, sex, and social class of the speaker; it codes the social function of a language.

[key words] sociolinguisticssociolinguistics variationsocial function

[content]sociolinguistics is the study of the effect of any and all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations, and context, on the way language is used. it also studies how lects differ between groups separated by certain social variables, e.g., ethnicity, religion, status, gender, level of education, etc., and how creation and adherence to these rules is used to categorize individual socio-economic classes. as the usage of a language varies from place to place, and language usage varies among social classes. it is socialists that sociolinguistics studies.

the study of language variation is concerned with social constraints determine language in its contextual environment. code-switching is the term given to the use of different varieties of language in different social situations. sociolinguistic differs from sociology of language in that the focus of sociolinguistics is the effect of the society on the language, while the latter’s focus is on the language’s effect on the society. while the study of sociolinguistics is very broad, there are a few fundamental concepts on which most sociolinguistic inquiries depend.

sociolinguistics is different from many of the other branches of linguistics in that it studies external as opposed to internal language. internal language applies to the study of language on the abstract level, or in the head, put simply. external language applies to language in social contexts, or outside the head. this distinction is important, because internal language analyses, such as syntax and semantics, operate1

on the assumption that all native speakers of a language are quite homogeneous in how they process and perceive language. external language fields, such as sociolinguistics, attempt to explain why this is in fact not the case. these two approaches, while distinct, complement each other in practice.

understanding language in society means that one also has to understand the social networks in which language is embedded. this may apply to the macro level of a country or a city, but also to the inter-personal level of neighborhoods or a single family.

sociolinguistics as a field distinct from dialectology was pioneered through the study of language variation in urban areas. whereas dialectology studies the geographic distribution of language variation, sociolinguistics focuses on other sources of variation, among them class. class and occupation is one of the most important linguistic markers found in society.

one of the fundamental findings of sociolinguistics, which has been hard to disprove, is that class and language variety are related. as can be implied from the example below, the working class tends to speak less standard language. the lower, middle, and upper middle class will in turn speak closer to the standard. however, the upper class, even members of the upper middle class, may often speak 'less' standard than the middle class. this is because not only class, but class aspirations, are important.

men and women, on average, tend to use slightly different language styles. these differences tend to be quantitative rather than qualitative. that is, to say that women make more minimal responses than men is akin to saying that men are taller than women. the initial identification of a women's register was by robin lakoff in 1975, who argued that the style of language served to maintain women's role in society. a later refinement of this argument was that gender differences in language reflected a power difference. however, both these perspective have the language style of men as normative, implying that women's style is inferior. more recently, deborah tannen has compared gender differences in language as more similar to 'cultural' differences. comparing conversational goals, she argued that men have a report style,

aiming to communicate factual information, whereas women have a rapport style, more concerned with building and maintaining relationships. such differences are pervasive across mediums, including face-to-face conversation, written essays of primary school children, email, and even toilet graffiti. communication styles are always a product of context, and as such, gender differences tend to be most pronounced in single-gender groups. one explanation for this, is that people accommodate their language towards the style of the person they are interacting with. thus, in a mixed-gender group, gender differences tend to be less pronounced. a similarly important observation is that this accommodation is usually towards the language style, not the gender of the person. that is, a polite and empathic male will tend to be accommodated to on the basis of their being polite and empathic, rather than their being male.

sociolinguistics has drawn more and more attention since it became an independent discipline in mid 1960s. but scholars from various disciplines look at sociolinguistics from different perspectives, and carry out sociolinguistic study in different ways. this paper tries to understand sociolinguistics in terms of its definitions and the scope of sociolinguistic study to point out the lack of comprehensiveness in fishman''s view on the definition of sociolinguistics.

参考文献:《社会语言学概论》 戴庆厦主编商务印书馆

《社会语言学概论》 祝畹瑾编著湖南教育出版社.

《语言学概论》 杨信彰高等教育出版社

第二篇:英语语言学论文题目

英语语言学论文题目

13论国际商务谈判中的语言交际技巧

33成人世界的童话——从文体学角度解析现今童话再度流行的现象 49论文化差异与英汉商标互译

55浅谈英汉句子结构差异

59诗意的美和喜剧性幽默

62试论广告英语的语言特点

65统觉团对英语初学者词汇学习的影响

67外语学习中应该重视中介语的作用

69新闻报道中的转述动词研究

73英汉禁忌语、委婉语的对比研究

74英汉数字习语的对比研究

76英译汉中词序的变动

78英语广告的语言特征

80英语双关语汉译的可译性限度

101词义演变的原因与方式

137从汉语中英语借词的翻译看文化交流

138从价值观转换看斯佳丽的角色特征

142从礼貌准则看中英文化的异同

146从习语看英汉民族的文化差异

149从英语人名中看性别歧视

157动词过程类型的选择和话语隐性态度的表达

161对母语在英语写作中词汇负迁移现象的思考

162对严复译作中“信”的质疑

167法律英语用词特征分析

168法律语言翻译与法律文体

177副词ever的句法环境和语义特征

180功能语法视角下的英语报纸新闻标题的功能

183广告口号语的语言特点

189国际商务文化之对比研究

204汉语中双关语的翻译

213基于概念隐喻的诗歌解读

228论广告英语中的幽 默

265论广告英语的语言特点

268论汉英谚语的语言特征

280论清教理念与美国西进运动

282论莎士比亚十四行诗中的时间

300论英语广告中几种常用修辞格及其汉译

310论尤金?奥尼尔的表现主义手法

324名词化的语篇功能

330诺曼时期法语对英语词汇的影响

339浅谈英语虚拟语气的语用功能

340浅谈英语虚拟语气及其语用功能

345浅析二十世纪计算机英语词汇的构成特点

346浅析汉英动物谚语中的文化

348浅析英汉语言中的性别歧视现象及其根源 349浅析英语禁忌语及其发展

352浅析英语无标志被动句

356浅议译者能力

359认知语言学角度下“within” 的空间隐喻意义 365商标英语汉译的原则和方法

384体育新闻英语文体研究

375社会语言学视野中的网络语言

418新闻英语中的语法特点研究

423颜色词在英汉互译中的不对应性

425移就的审美价值和生成基础

426以认知为基础的颜色隐喻研究

428隐喻认知功能研究的新视角

429隐喻与一词多义的关系

438英汉被动句对比研究

439英汉宾语类型差异的认知原因

440英汉动词非谓语用法之比较研究

442英汉否定问句的答句对比研究

443英汉汉英双关语及其翻译研究

444英汉合成词构词对比研究

446英汉名词短语修饰模式比较

447英汉拟声词异同探讨

448英汉人称代词运用对比研究

449英汉人名的比较研究

450英汉时间的空间隐喻对比研究

451英汉习语的文化共性和个性的研究

453英汉颜色词的引申义的文化差别

454英汉颜色词跨域对比分析?—以red和红为例 458英汉隐喻性词汇对比研究

462英汉语中红绿色文化比较

468英语道歉方式研究

469英语动物词汇的文化内涵与汉译

470英语复合词的语义分析及其类型

471英语惯用句型的意义及汉译

480英语情态助动词的主客观区别

485英语委婉语的使用原则与策略

487英语语言性别歧视现象研究

488英语语言中的性别歧视

491英语中的性别歧视

508源语中的“异”与译语中的“达”

522中美拒绝言语行为研究

523中美礼貌用语跨文化对比分析

524中美企业文化比较的启示

533中西人名文化对比

534中西饮食文化差异

536中学生英语学习策略研究

543中英非语言交际的文化差异及对比 544中英恭维语对比研究

545中英广告中语言使用对比研究

546中英两种语言中的颜色词及其象征意义 547中英亲属词的文化内涵分析

548中英请求言语行为策略选择之比较 552宗教对中美节假日的影响

553介词in的语义向度:认知视角 554近代英美关系及其文化基础

559跨文化交际中非语言交际及其文化基础 561快餐食品对中西方传统饮食文化的影响力 570语境对词义的制约作用

第三篇:06级毕业论文语言学

06级毕业论文语言学:

1. 浅谈非语言交际中的身势语

body language on nonverbal communication

2. 浅论英汉语被动句的异同

a brief study on the meaning of similarities and differences between english and chinese passive

3. 英式英语与美式英语的对比分析

the distinctive analysis between british english and american english

4. 隐喻理论在词汇教学中的应用

the application of conceptual metaphor theory in vocabulary teaching

5. 二语习得中的个人因素

personal factors in second language acquisition

6. 对比研究下的英汉新闻语篇中的语法隐喻

grammatical metaphor in english and chinese news contrastive approach

7. 英语诗歌语言的修辞美

the rhetorical beauty in the language of english poetry

8. 英语口语交际能力形成的培养

the formation of communicative competence in oral english training

9. 美国黑人英语特色研究

the phonological features of american black english

10. 法律新词在英语中的应用

the new legal words used in english

11. 从词汇方面分析英语中的性别歧视语

analysis on the glossaries of gender discrimination from the lexicological aspect

12. 英语中的否定句

on the english negative sentences

13. 非言语交际中的面部表情的特征

the signs of facial expression in non-verbal communication

14. 词义演变的原因和方式

on the causes and ways of evolution on word meaning

15. 言语行为理论对语言教学的影响

the influence of speech act theory on language teaching

16. 从交际功能看英汉委婉语

a comparative analysis of english and chinese euphemisms from the perspective of communication function

17. 论文摘要的语类结构分析

the analysis of generic structure in english thesis abstract

18. 语言环境对二语习得的影响

influence of language environment on second language acquisition

19. 公共演讲的文体特征

stylistic features of public speech

20. 关于英语幽默的文化特点的研究

a study of cultural features in english humor

21. 浅谈科技文中动词名词化现象及其翻译

the analysis on nominalization in est and its translation

22. 语境在话语理解中的作用

on the role of context in utterance interpretation

23. 运用词块法记忆英语单词的实效研究

on the effectiveness of chunks in the memorization of english words

24. 试论动词-ing形式在中学教学中的应用

the study of v-ing form and its application to teaching in middle school

25. 英语写作目的与写作风格之间的联系

the relation between english writing purpose and its style

26. 青年流行语及其社会文化心理探微

research on vogue words and the related social cultural psychology of the young

27. 关于肢体语言的研究

study on body language

28. 从美国总统奥巴马就职演说辞看其演说的文体风格

stylistic analysis of the inauguration speech of american president barack obama

29. 论广告英语中的句法特征

on syntactic characteristics of english for advertising

30. 母语习得与二语习得的对比

the comparison between native language acquisition and the second language learning

31. 浅析英语句子的歧义性

an analysis on ambiguity in english sentences

32. 语用失误及其策略研究

33. 会话含义初探

analysis of conversational implicatures

34. 交际中性别差异的研究

study of gender differences in verbal communication

35. 浅析母语对二语习得的影响

on the influence of mother tongue on the second language acquisition

36. 论语境在话语理解中的作用

the function of context in language interpretation

37. 浅谈模糊语的语用功能及其应

analysis of pragmatic functions of vague language and its application

38. 英语歧义现象初探

the analysis of ambiguity in english

39. 论英语中的性别歧视现象

on sexism in english

40. 动物词的中英文化内涵对比

different connotation of animal words between english and chinese culture

41. 沉默在英语会话中的运用及影响因素

the use of silence in conversation and its implication

42. 英语新闻的批判性分析

a critical analysis of english news reports

43. 英语词汇中的外来语词汇的演变

the developments of english loan words

44. 英语新闻标题的特点分析

the characteristics of english newspaper

45. 关于英语习语文化内涵的探讨

a study of english idioms from the perspective of culture

46. 浅析英语中的歧义现象

a brief discussion on ambiguity in english

47. 语境对词义的影响

the effect of context on the meaning of the words

48. 交际中的说谎探究

a study of lying in the communication

49. 形态学探究及在翻译中的应用

exploration on morphology and its using in translation

50. 浅析英语双关语在广告中的语用功能

analysis on the pragmatic function of english puns in advertisement

51. 试论反语的幽默属性和语用功能

on the humor features and pragmatic function of verbal irony

52. 浅谈外交语言

a study on diplomatic language

53. 母语和第二语言阅读的认知体系差异

differences in cognitive system between mother tongue reading and the second language reading

54. 论法国文化对英语词汇的影响

the french influence on english vocabulary

55. 浅析英语中存在的性别歧视现象

a brief analysis of the sexism in english

56. 政治委婉语及其修辞应用

political euphemism and its application of rhetoric

57. 原版电影与英语学习

original film and english learning

58. 浅析系统功能语言学对语言学习的影响

59. 东北方言对英汉语音习得产生的影响

60. 现代英语词汇衍变动因探究

61. 浅谈英语语调

62. 关于美国俚语功能的研究

63. 提高外语学习中词汇习得能力的研究

64. 现代仿拟创新研究

65. 文化因素对语言交际的影响

66. 认知视角下的英语隐喻分类研究

67. 英语委婉语的交际功能

68. 肯尼迪总统就职演讲的文体分析

69. 浅谈英语歧义现象

70. 对情景喜剧《老友记》的文体学分析

71. 流行语对社会的影响

72. 认知语境对话与的解释和制约

73. 英语中的汉语借词

74. 语篇中的衔接

75. 从社会语言学的角度分析网络语言

76. 英语中语言的性别差异小议

gender differences in the use of english

77. 语言的社会变体及其社会意义

78. 英语模糊限制语的人际功能探究

79. 英语习语的修辞分析

80. 英语中外来语的形成及运用

81. 浅析英语演变的整体性及其演变原因

82. 解析礼貌原则及其文化特征

83. 浅析言语行为理论

84. 浅析英语中主要介词的功能

85. 论广告英语的语言特点

86. 论合作原则在翻译中的应用

87. 基于合作原则的英语言语幽默分析

第四篇:语言学毕业论文参考题目

语言学毕业论文参考题目

一、现代汉语

1.略论“了1”与“了2”的语法功能差异

2.“还”、“又”、“也”的功能比较

3.汉语副词“一直”、“一向”比较研究

4.“从来”、“历来”、“向来”比较研究

5.程度副词“十分”、“非常”句法语用研究

6.简析“差点儿”和“差点没”的关系

7.说“一点儿”与“有点儿”

8.“名+名”语法小类试析

9.试论汉语概数表示法的多样性

10.现代汉语语气副词的功能分析

11.汉语词类研究述评

12.“相当”语法化过程及个人在语言约定论中作用辨析

13.谈谈状语的非常规位置及其作用

14.语法知识在作文批改中的运用(体会)

15.语文教学中的语言分析(提示:中学语文教学存在重文学轻语言的倾向,语言分析往往孤立进行,如何综合内容及篇章进行语言分析,分析要领及原则是什么?试以具体的课文分析为例,展开具体论述。)

16.文学语言的规范与变异(提示:文学作品的语言的运用往往不合一般的语法。这些超出常规现象有些是积极的修辞现象(变异),有些是消极的语病(不规范),如何确立和运用区分变异与语病的标准?请搜集具体语言材料加以分析论述。)

17.人民日报中的语言失误分析(搜集报中文字、语、句等语言失误现象并进行分析,也可就其他某一较有影响的报刊搜集材料而分析,题目作相应改动。)

18.现代汉语中的“使动用法”

第五篇:英语专业语言学

linguistics

ⅰ. choice (2'*15)

1. the study of language as a whole is o(收藏好 范 文,请便下次访问WwW.haOWord.CoM)ften called__ linguistics

a particularb generalc ordinaryd generative

2. the description of a language at some point in time is a ___ study.

a synchronicb diachronicc historicald comparative

3. ___ is concerned with all the sounds that occur in the world' languages.

a phonologyb phoneticsc morphologyd phonemics

4. [p] is a voiceless bilabial___.

a affricativeb fricativec stopd liquid

5. the different phones which can represent a phoneme in different phonetic environments are called the___of that phoneme.

a phonesb soundsc phonemesd allophones

6. the word "boyish" contains two___.

a phonemesb morphsc morphemesd allomorphs

7. inflectional___ studies inflections.

a derivationb inflectionc phonologyd morphology

8. phrase structure rules have___ properties.

a recursiveb grammaticalc doubled many

9. the two clauses in a ___ sentence are structurally equal parts of the sentence.

a simpleb completec complexd coordinate

10. bloomfield drew on ___ psychology when trying to define the meaning of linguistic forms.

a contextualb conceptualistc behavioristd naming

11. ___means what a linguistic form refers to in the real, physical world.

a senseb referencec meaningd semantics

12. the cooperative principle is proposed by___.

a john searleb john austin

c paul griced john lyons

13. the ___ movement rule has been added to english since the old english period.

a particleb articlec negatived phrasal

14. the ___ variety of diglossia is used for more formal or serious matters.

a formalb informalc highd low

15. by the age of ___, children have completed the greater part of the language acquisition process.

a threeb fourc fived six

ⅱ judge whether each of the following statements is true or false. (1'*10)

1. linguistics studies not any particular language, but languages in general.()

2. both phonology and phonetics are studies of speech sounds.()

3. english is a typical tone language.()

4. there is only one type of affixes in the english language.()

5. phrase structure rule are rewrite rules.()

6. sense and reference are the same.()

7. in their study of language communication, linguists are only interested in how a speaker expresses his intention and pay no attention to how his intention is recognised by the hearer.()

8. modern english is roughly from 1500 to the present.()

9. diglossia is the same as bilingualism.()

10. psycholinguistics is viewed as the intersection of psychology and linguistics.()

ⅲ definition (2*10)

1. phonetics

2. complementary distribution

3. morpheme

4. compounding

5. reference

6. predication

7. homonymy

8. pragmatics

9. euphemism

10. language acquisition

ⅳshort-answer questions (5'*4)

1. which enjoys priority in modern linguistics, speech or writing? why?

2. what are the main features of english compounds?

3. what are the major types of synonyms in english?

4. what does pragmatics study? how does it differ from traditional semantics?

ⅴ discourse analysis (10'*2)

1. explain with examples "homonymy", "polysemy" and "hyponymy".

2. drew a tree diagram" john suggested mary take the linguistics class".

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